Here we report the complete path of mRNA on the 70S ribosome at t

Here we report the complete path of mRNA on the 70S ribosome at the atomic level (3.1-angstrom resolution), and we show that one of the conformational rearrangements that occurs upon transition Tipifarnib ic50 from initiation to elongation is a narrowing of the downstream mRNA tunnel. This rearrangement triggers formation of a network of interactions between the mRNA downstream of the A-site

codon and the elongating ribosome. Our data elucidate the mechanism by which hypermodified nucleoside 2-methylthio-N6 isopentenyl adenosine at position 37 (ms(2)i(6)A37) in tRNA(GAA)(Phe) stabilizes mRNA-tRNA interactions in all three tRNA binding sites. Another network of contacts is formed between this tRNA modification and ribosomal elements surrounding the mRNA E/P kink, resulting in the anchoring of P-site tRNA. These data allow rationalization of how modification deficiencies of ms(2)i(6)A37 in tRNAs may lead to shifts of the translational reading frame.”
“In topological crystalline insulators (TCIs), topology and crystal symmetry intertwine to create surface Selleckchem Nutlin-3 states with distinct characteristics. The breaking of crystal symmetry in TCIs is predicted to impart mass to the massless Dirac fermions. Here,

we report high-resolution scanning tunneling microscopy studies of a TCI, Pb1-xSnxSe that reveal the coexistence of zero-mass Dirac fermions protected by crystal symmetry with massive Dirac fermions consistent with crystal symmetry breaking. In addition, we show two distinct regimes of the Fermi surface topology separated by a Van-Hove singularity at the Lifshitz transition point. Our work paves the way for engineering the Dirac band gap and realizing interaction-driven topological quantum phenomena in TCIs.”
“Background Collaterals to occluded infarct-related coronary arteries (IRA) have been observed after the onset of acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).

We sought to investigate the impact of early coronary collateralization, as evidenced by angiography, on myocardial reperfusion and outcomes after primary percutaneous Selleckchem PF-6463922 coronary intervention (PCI).\n\nMethods Acute procedural results, ST-segment resolution (STR), enzymatic infarct size, echocardiographic left ventricular function, and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) at 6-month follow-up were assessed in 389 patients with STEMI undergoing primary PCI for occluded IRA (TIMI flow grade 0 or 1) within 12 hours of symptom-onset. Angiographic coronary collateralization to the occluded IRA at first contrast injection was graded according to the Rentrop scoring system.\n\nResults Low (Rentrop score of 0 or 1) and high (Rentrop score of 2 or 3) coronary collateralization was detected in 329 and 60 patients, respectively. Patients with high collateralization more commonly had prior stable angina and right coronary artery occlusion, but less often had left anterior descending artery occlusion.

Methods The contents of ferromagnetic elements (Fe, Co, Ni) and o

Methods The contents of ferromagnetic elements (Fe, Co, Ni) and other metal elements in lagenal otoliths of adult homing pigeons were precisely analyzed with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) of high sensitivity,

and then they were compared with those in saccular and utricular otoliths (all the contents were normalized to Ca). Results In adult homing pigeons, the contents of ferromagnetic elements (Fe, Co, Ni) in lagenal otoliths were less than 0.7% (normalized to Ca element) and were the same order in magnitude as those in saccular and utricular otoliths. The content of Fe in lagenal otoliths was not significantly different from that in utricular otoliths and was even lower than that in saccular otoliths. The content of Co in lagenal otoliths was lower than that in saccular otoliths and higher than that in utricular otoliths. The content of Ni in lagenal otoliths was not significantly different from that in saccular HSP990 otoliths

and was higher than that in utricular otoliths. The contents of other metal elements Na, Mg, K, Al, Mn and Pb in lagenal otoliths were not significantly different from those in utricular and saccular otoliths. The contents of metal elements Zn, Ba and Cu in lagenal otoliths were lower than those in saccular otoliths. Conclusion The contents of magnetic elements in lagenal otoliths of homing pigeons are not much higher than those in utricular and saccular otoliths, which does not support the hypothesis that birds PF-00299804 research buy depend on high contents of Fe and Zn in lagenal otoliths for sensation of geomagnetic information. Similarities in morphology, element ingredient and element content between lagenal otoliths and utricular otoliths suggest that the two types of otolithic organs may play similar roles in sensing gravitational and acceleration signals.”
“The objectives of this study were to determine pharmacokinetics of intravenous (i.v.) ceftiofur OICR-9429 datasheet in foals, to compare ultra-high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectometry (UPLC-MS/MS) and microbiologic assay for the measurement of ceftiofur concentrations, and to determine the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of

ceftiofur against common equine bacterial pathogens. In a cross-over design, ceftiofur sodium was administered i.v. to six foals (1-2 days-of-age and 4-5 weeks-of-age) at dosages of 5 and 10 mg/kg. Subsequently, five doses of ceftiofur were administered i.v. to six additional foals between 1 and 5 days of age at a dose of 5 mg/kg q 12 h. Concentrations of desfuroylceftiofur acetamide (DCA), the acetamide derivative of ceftiofur and desfuroylceftiofur-related metabolites were measured in plasma, synovial fluid, urine, and CSF by use of UPLC-MS/MS. A microbiologic assay was used to measure ceftiofur activity for a subset of plasma samples. Following i.v. administration of ceftiofur at a dose of 5 mg/kg to 1-2 day-old foals, DCA had a t(1/2) of 7.8 +/- 0.1 h, a body clearance of 74.4 +/- 8.

Results: Seventy-six patients had MD, 55 MD alone Ninety-two

\n\nResults: Seventy-six patients had MD, 55 MD alone. Ninety-two patients had VM, 71 VM alone. Twenty-one patients had MDVM, representing about one-quarter of those diagnosed with MD or VM. Clinical features thought to differentiate VM from MD were found in all groups. Twenty-seven

patients with VM (38%) had ear complaints (subjective NSC 707545 hearing loss, aural pressure, and tinnitus) during episodes of vestibular symptoms and headache, including 10 (37%) with unilateral symptoms. Conversely, 27 patients with MD alone (49%) had headaches with migraine features that did not meet full IHS diagnostic criteria, migrainous symptoms (photophobia, headache with vomiting), or first-degree relative with migraine. Including MDVM patients, 59% (45/76) of all patients with MD had migrainous features. Thirty-two patients

had CSD; most (29; 91%) were in the VM group.\n\nConclusion: Comorbidity was common between MD and VM, and their symptoms overlapped. More specific diagnostic criteria are needed to differentiate these diseases and address their coexistence. CSD co-occurred with VM but was rarely seen with MD.”
“Severe thoracic kyphosis caused by pathologic fractures often needs to be corrected by resection of the collapsed vertebral body, reconstruction of the anterior spinal column, and correction JNK-IN-8 MAPK inhibitor of the kyphosis with long-segment fixation. The resection of this pathologic bone functions essentially as a vertebral column resection. With the advent of minimally invasive technology, the powerful corrective forces afforded in open cases can be applied using a less invasive approach. In this article, we describe a mini-open posterior technique

for thoracic kyphosis via a vertebrectomy and cantilever technique. Two patients underwent kyphosis GW786034 correction via mini-open vertebrectomy. One patient was corrected from 92 degrees to 65 degrees, and the second patient was corrected from 70 degrees to 53 degrees. Both patients underwent a mini-open approach. Cantilever correction was accomplished over an expandable cage with a minimally invasive pedicle screw system. We describe our technique of mini-open vertebral column resection and kyphosis correction in the thoracic spine. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“We report here a case of a random synchronous male breast malignancy in a patient with a known base of tongue malignancy that was incidentally detected on a whole body 18-fluorine deoxyglucose positron emission tomography and computed tomography (F-18-FDG PET/CT). Patient was referred to us for PET/CT staging and radiotherapy planning for a poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma of base of tongue. Histopathologically, the incidentally detected breast lesion was proven to be an invasive ductal carcinoma.

Substitution of the L-proline residue at position 4 of the native

Substitution of the L-proline residue at position 4 of the native peptide with hydroxyproline, valine or D-proline caused a loss of cardioinhibitory activity. Also, replacement of arginine residues at all three positions 2, 7 and 9 with another basic amino acid histidine, reduces cardioinhibitory action of Led-NPF-I. Some modifications STA-9090 cost of the C-terminal residues, as the Phe(4-NO2)-, Phe(4-NH2)- and Phe(4-NMe2)-analogues, resulted in agonistic peptides with biological activity similar to that of the native peptide. However,

three other C-terminal analogues tested [Tyr(10)]-, [D-Phe(10)]-Led-NPF-I, and Ala-Arg-Gly-Pro-Gln-Leu-Arg-Leu-Arg-Phe-OH were inactive in the heart bioassay, which suggests that this end of the amino acid chain may play an important role in bioactivity and interaction of the native peptide with its receptor on the myocardium. Copyright (C) 2007 European Peptide Society and VX-689 purchase John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.”
“Robotic lower limb exoskeletons that can alter joint mechanical power output are novel tools for studying the relationship between the mechanics and energetics of human locomotion. We built pneumatically powered ankle exoskeletons controlled by the user’s own soleus electromyography (i.e. proportional myoelectric control) to determine

whether mechanical assistance at the ankle joint could reduce the metabolic cost of level, steady-speed human walking. We hypothesized that subjects would reduce their net metabolic power in proportion to the average positive mechanical power delivered by the bilateral ankle exoskeletons. Nine healthy individuals completed three 30 min sessions walking at 1.25 m s(-1) while wearing the exoskeletons. Over the three sessions, subjects’ net metabolic energy

expenditure during powered walking progressed from +7% to -10% of that during unpowered walking. With practice, subjects significantly reduced soleus muscle activity ( by similar to 28% root mean square EMG, P < 0.0001) and negative exoskeleton mechanical power (-0.09 W kg(-1) at the beginning of session 1 and -0.03 W kg(-1) at the end of session 3; P = 0.005). Ankle joint kinematics returned to similar patterns to those observed during unpowered walking. At the end of the third session, the powered exoskeletons ACY-241 ic50 delivered similar to 63% of the average ankle joint positive mechanical power and similar to 22% of the total positive mechanical power generated by all of the joints summed ( ankle, knee and hip) during unpowered walking. Decreases in total joint positive mechanical power due to powered ankle assistance (similar to 22%) were not proportional to reductions in net metabolic power (similar to 10%). The ‘apparent efficiency’ of the ankle joint muscle-tendon system during human walking (similar to 0.61) was much greater than reported values of the ‘muscular efficiency’ of positive mechanical work for human muscle (similar to 0.

Those EEG oscillations are differentially associated with process

Those EEG oscillations are differentially associated with processes that support the maintenance of order information and item recognition. Various studies suggest a link between prefrontal areas and memory for temporal order, implying that EEG neural oscillations in the prefrontal cortex may play a role in the maintenance of information on temporal order.”
“BACKGROUND: The long-term closure rate of high perianal fistulas after surgical treatment remains disappointing. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to improve the long-term

closure rate of high cryptoglandular perianal fistulas combining mucosal advancement flap with platelet-rich plasma. DESIGN: This study EPZ5676 order was retrospective in design. SETTING: This study was conducted at 2 secondary NCT-501 inhibitor and 1 tertiary referral hospitals. PATIENTS: Patients presenting with high cryptoglandular perianal fistulas involving the middle/upper third of the anal sphincter

complex were included. INTERVENTIONS: A staged surgical treatment was performed; After seton placement, a mucosal advancement flap was combined with platelet-rich plasma. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Recurrence was the main outcome. Incontinence was the secondary outcome. RESULTS: We operated on 25 patients between 2006 and 2012. Thirteen (52%) patients had previous fistula surgery. The median follow-up period was 27 months. One patient (4.0%) was lost to follow-up

after 4 months. Freedom from recurrence at 2 years was 0.83 (95% CI, 0.62-0.93). Two of the 4 patients with a recurrence (8%) had a repeated treatment and healed. One patient (4.0%) refused another treatment, but agreed to stay in follow-up. One patient (4.0%) requested a colostomy, resulting in closure of the fistula. Complications occurred in 1 patient (4.0%). Incontinence numbers were low with a median Vaizey score of 3.0 out of a maximum of 24. LIMITATIONS: The study was limited by its retrospective design, lack of preoperative selleck chemicals incontinence data, selection bias, and phone interview follow-up. CONCLUSION: The long-term outcome results of patients with primary and recurrent high cryptoglandular perianal fistulas treated with a seton followed by mucosal advancement flap and platelet-rich plasma show low recurrence, complication, and incontinence rates. Therefore, this technique seems to be a valid option as treatment. Larger and preferably randomized controlled studies are needed to further explore this surgical technique.”
“Objective: Periodontitis is a potential risk factor for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This systematic review considers the evidence for whether non-surgical treatment of periodontitis in RA patients has any effect on the clinical markers of RA disease activity.

01 ppm of phorate for 72 h and then transferred to pesticide free

01 ppm of phorate for 72 h and then transferred to pesticide free water. Tissue chosen for the repair experiment was liver. Samplings were done at 0, 3, 6, 12 and 24 h after the release of 72 h pesticide treated fishes into pesticide free water. buy Vorinostat Fishes showed a reduction in DNA breaks from 3 h onwards in pesticide free water and at 24 h returned to control level damage. The results indicate that phorate is a potential genotoxicant, comet assay can be used

in DNA damage and repair analysis, response to pollutants in multicellular animals is often tissue specific.”
“Earlier recognition of chronic kidney disease (CKD) could slow progression, prevent complications, and reduce cardiovascular-related outcomes. However, current estimates of CKD awareness indicate that both patient- and provider-level

awareness remain unacceptably low. Many of the factors that are possibly associated with CKD awareness, which could help guide implementation of awareness efforts, have yet to be fully examined. Also, little is known regarding whether increased patient or provider awareness improves clinical outcomes, or whether there are possible negative consequences of awareness for CKD patients. Further Gamma-secretase inhibitor research is necessary to continue to design and refine awareness campaigns aimed at both patients and providers, but there is an immediate need for dissemination of basic CKD information, given both the high prevalence Fer-1 of CKD and its risk factors and the low estimated awareness of CKD. (c) 2010 by the National Kidney Foundation, Inc. All rights

“Waters JR, Van Meter P, Perrotti W, Drogo S, Cyr RJ. Human clay models versus cat dissection: how the similarity between the classroom and the exam affects student performance. Adv Physiol Educ 35: 227-236, 2011; doi:10.1152/advan.00030.2009.-This study examined the effect of different anatomic representations on student learning in a human anatomy class studying the muscular system. Specifically, we examined the efficacy of using dissected cats (with and without handouts) compared with clay sculpting of human structures. Ten undergraduate laboratory sections were assigned to three treatment groups: cat dissection only, cat dissection with handouts, and human clay sculpting with handouts. Exams included higher-order questions that presented novel anatomic images and scenarios that the students did not practice in class. The higher-order anatomy exam questions varied the degree to which students in the different treatments had to transform the anatomic representation studied during laboratory activities to match the representation used in the exam questions. In this respect, exam questions manipulated the similarity between the surface features of the anatomic representations used in the classroom versus the exam. When identifying anatomic structures presented in a photograph or diagram, student performance improved significantly when transformation demands decreased, i.e.

The method worked better for some standards and in some settings

The method worked better for some standards and in some settings than for others, and is being improved in the light of experience gained. Such applications are increasingly important as modern regulators strive to be targeted and proportionate in their activities.”
“The environmental hazard situation of the Three Gorges area has become more and more serious. Due to the urgency and importance of the problem, the treatment of environmental hazard is of special concern. In recent years, various related factors of the Three Gorges area have been extensively discussed. This paper has reviewed the environmental hazards type, the reasons for the ecological environment hazard and the strengthen measures

for resisting environmental disaster. The environmental hazards type include the geologic hazard, the plants and animals see more deterioration,

the climate disaster, “the three wastes” pollution and the chemical appliance pollution. The geologic Sapitinib supplier hazard include the aggravated water losses and soil erosion, the increasing rockfalls disaster and the latent earthquake disaster. The plants and animals deterioration means some cherish tree species and fish species disappeared and deteriorated. The climate disaster include flood disaster, wind damage, hailstone, cold damage and high temperature. “The three wastes” pollution include the waste residue pollution, the waste water pollution and DMH1 manufacturer the waste gas pollution. The chemical appliance pollution contain the chemical fertilizer, pesticide and mulch. The reasons for the ecological environment hazards are the muff coordination and management, the rapid population explosion, the unbalance between the input and output, the imperfect legal system and the worse bearing function. The strengthen measures for resisting environmental disaster should be done. Enhancing the environmental management and protecting the ecological environment

are the essential approaches.”
“Temperature and mass dependency of insect metabolic rates are well known, while less attention has been given to other factors, such as age. Among insect species that experience seasonal variation in environmental conditions, such as in temperate latitudes, age may also have indirect effects on the metabolic rate. We examined the effect of age on the resting metabolic rate of Leptinotarsa decemlineata during 11 days after adult emergence by using flow-through respirometry. Age had a significant mass-independent effect on metabolic rate of beetles. A twofold increase in metabolic rate occurred during the first 2 days of adult life after which metabolic rate decreased with age relatively slowly. Ten day-old adult beetles had a metabolic rate similar to newly emerged beetles. The beetles have to be able to complete their development and prepare for overwintering during the relatively short favourable summer periods.

One hallmark

of these reactions is the creation of stereo

One hallmark

of these reactions is the creation of stereogenic quaternary carbon centers with high levels of stereocontrol. In this Account, we describe the development of these synthetically useful methodologies and their successful application to the total syntheses of natural products.\n\nOur results demonstrate that the semipinacol rearrangement of carefully designed substrates constitutes an efficient approach to the stereoselective construction of quaternary carbon centers. These reactions have produced a broad array of useful compounds that lend themselves to further elaboration. Furthermore, the total synthesis of a series of alkaloids, with significant bioactivity and intriguing molecular architecture, was achieved through these semipinacol rearrangement strategies, VE-821 purchase highlighting their synthetic value.”
“The interactions of tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) with mouse macrophages were Cell Cycle inhibitor studied at the electron microscopic level. The cultured mouse macrophages were sensitive to infection with TBEV strain Hypr (a highly neuroinvasive and

neurovirulent strain for laboratory mice) and produced relatively high virus titers. However, these macrophage cells remained morphologically inactivated. Viral particles were located mainly in the ER but were also present in other exocytic compartments. No virus production was observed in cells infected with the attenuated, non-neuroinvasive TBEV strain 263. In this case, the infection led to a clear morphological activation of the macrophages. In conclusion, the virus replication process in mouse macrophage cells might be different from that in other mammalian cell lines since the smooth membrane structures, which are thought to be the sites for SNX-5422 clinical trial flavivirus replication,

were not observed. Moreover, different TBEV strains exhibited a different interaction with the host macrophages. The inability of strain 263 to replicate in mouse macrophages as the first site of significant viral replication in vivo could be associated with the inability of this strain to establish a serious infection in mice. Copyright (C) 2009 S. Karger AG, Basel”
“We show that apidaecin binds to human macrophages, monocytes and dendritic cells, displaying different intracellular distributions and inducing diversified effects. An apidaecin-cell association was detectable at concentrations as low as 5 mu M and increased without saturation until 60 mu M, was receptor independent and required a physiological temperature (37 degrees C). For apidaecin, cytosolic localization was prevalent in macrophages and endosomal localization in monocytes, and associations with the plasma membrane were predominant in dendritic cells. Apidaecin upregulated T-lymphocyte co-stimulatory molecule CD80 and cytokine/chemokine production in macrophages, but not in monocytes and dendritic cells.

A systems biology analysis of HDL protein alterations induced by

A systems biology analysis of HDL protein alterations induced by PTCA revealed an increase in two protein clusters that included several apolipoproteins, fibrinogen-like protein 1 and other intracellular proteins, and a decrease in antithrombin-III, learn more annexin A1 and several immunoglobulins. Our results support the concept of HDL as dynamic platforms that donate and receive a variety of molecules and provide an improved methodology

to use HDL proteome for the systematic analysis of differences among individuals and the search for cardiovascular biomarkers. Biological significance The HDL proteome is an interesting model of clinical relevance and has been previously described to be dynamically altered in response to pathophysiological conditions and cardiovascular diseases. Our study suggests that interindividual variability of HDL proteome is higher than previously thought and provided the detection of a set of proteins that changed their abundance in response to plaque rupture, supporting

the concept of HDL as dynamic platforms that donate and receive a variety of molecules. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“A precursor of miR156 (MsmiR156d) was cloned and overexpressed in alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) as a means to enhance alfalfa biomass yield. Of the five predicted SPL genes encoded by the alfalfa genome, three (SPL6, SPL12 and SPL13) contain miR156 cleavage sites and their expression was down-regulated in transgenic alfalfa plants overexpressing miR156. These transgenic plants had reduced internode length and stem

thickness, enhanced shoot find more branching, increased trichome density, a delay in flowering time and elevated biomass production. Minor effects on sugar, starch, lignin and cellulose contents were also observed. Moreover, transgenic alfalfa plants had increased root length, while nodulation was maintained. The multitude of traits affected by miR156 may be due to the network of genes regulated by the three target SPLs. Our results show that the miR156/SPL system has strong potential as a tool to substantially improve quality and yield traits in alfalfa.”
“Distinguishing chondrosarcoma from chondroblastic osteosarcoma can be difficult and highly subjective, especially on a small biopsy GW4869 Apoptosis inhibitor specimen. This distinction is critical in determining the most accurate prognosis and appropriate treatment modality, as adjuvant chemotherapy with surgery is standard treatment for osteosarcoma, whereas chondrosarcoma is generally treated by surgical excision alone. Cartilaginous neoplasms have recently been shown to frequently (56%) harbor gene mutations in the metabolic enzymes isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) and IDH2 (IDH1 > IDH2), whereas other mesenchymal tumors lack these genetic aberrations. We investigated whether the presence of IDH1/2 mutations can be used to distinguish chondrosarcoma from chondroblastic osteosarcoma.

We highlight the strengths

and limitations of these DNA r

We highlight the strengths

and limitations of these DNA repair studies and assays, with respect to the clinical assessment of DNA repair capacity to determine cancer development and response to therapy. Clin Cancer Res; 17(22); 6973-84. (C) 2011 AACR.”
“To evaluate the results of emergency embolisation in acute arterial bleeding of the gastrointestinal tract with a liquid polyvinyl alcohol copolymer from two centres.\n\nWe retrospectively analysed 16 cases (15 patients) of acute arterial bleeding of the gastrointestinal tract where emergency embolotherapy was performed by using the copolymer when acute haemorrhage was not treatable with endoscopic techniques alone. Cause of haemorrhage and technical and clinical success were documented.\n\nArterial embolotherapy was successful in all 16 cases. The technical success rate was 100%.

The cause of bleeding was pancreatitis in four, graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) of the colon in three, malignancy in three, angiodysplasia in two, ulcer in two and panarteritis nodosa and trauma in one each. There were no procedure-related complications. No bowel necrosis occurred because of embolisation. In 13 cases, the patients were discharged in good CX-6258 supplier condition (81%); the three patients with GVHD died because of the underlying disease.\n\nThe copolymer seems to have great potential in embolotherapy of acute arterial gastrointestinal bleeding. In our series none of the patients had rebleeding at the site of embolisation and no clinically obvious bowel necrosis occurred.”
“Thermophilic and mesophilic anaerobic digestion reactors (TR and MR) using food waste as substrate were compared

with emphasis on microbial responses to increasing organic loading rate (OLR). At OLR ranging from 1.0 to 2.5 g VS L-1 d(-1), MR exhibited more stable performance compared to TR in terms of Selleckchem Cediranib methane yield. Amplicons pyrosequencing results revealed the distinct microbial dynamics in the two reactors. Primarily, MR had greater richness and evenness of bacteria species. With OLR elevated, larger shifts of bacterial phylogeny were observed in MR; Methanosaeta dominated in archaeal community in MR while Methanothermobacter and Methanoculleus were favored in TR. The high functional redundancy in bacterial community integrated with acetoclastic methanogenesis in MR resulted in its better performance; whereas delicate interactions between hydrogen-producer and hydrogenotrophic methanogens in TR were much more prone to disruption. These results are conductive to understanding the microbial mechanisms of low methane yield during food waste anaerobic digestion. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“The monometallic (1-3) and heterobimetallic (4-6) complexes, containing 1,10-phenanthroline and indole-3-acetic acid were synthesized and characterized by spectroscopic (IR, UV-vis, NMR, ESI-MS) and analytical methods.